Svalbard Travel Guide: Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet, Edgeøya...
The Svalbard travel guide offers photos, facts, information about: Spitsbergen, the largest island in the archipelago and the only one that is permanently inhabited. The capital" Longyearbyen, which is considered the northernmost city in the world. Nordaustlandet, the second largest island in the Svalbard archipelago. Edgeøya (Edge Island) the third largest and Barentsøya (Barents Island) the fourth largest island in the Arctic archipelago. We also report on our animal observations in the Arctic ecosystem. Other focal points include wildlife, flora, glaciers and cultural sights. We report in particular on the following Arctic animals: polar bears, reindeer, arctic foxes, walruses and numerous bird species. In Svalbard we were able to experience the kings of the Arctic: polar bears live!
10 facts and information about the Svalbard Archipelago:
• location: Svalbard is a group of islands located in the Arctic Ocean roughly halfway between Norway and the North Pole. The Norwegian mainland is about 1.000 kilometers further south. The geographic North Pole is located around 1.000 kilometers (approximately 600 miles) to the northeast. Svalbard is geographically located in the High Arctic. Svalbard, for example, can be done with this Expedition ship Sea Spirit visit.
• Management: Svalbard is governed by the Svalbard Treaty of 1920, which allows Norway to administer the archipelago but at the same time includes a broad international community of treaty partners. The treaty stipulates that all contracting parties have equal rights to economic activities in the region and that Svalbard should be used for peaceful purposes. The archipelago enjoys a special status with extensive autonomy. The issue of Svalbard's political status is complex, and it is an area with a unique legal framework.
• Capital: The largest settlement on Svalbard is Longyearbyen, which is considered the "capital" of the archipelago. Most of the approximately 2.700 residents live here. Svalbard residents enjoy some special rights, such as tax exemption and the ability to live and work in the region without a visa or work permit.
• Climate & Environment: Svalbard has an arctic climate with extremely cold winters and cool summers. Temperatures can drop as low as -30 degrees Celsius in winter. In recent years, however, climate change has become extremely noticeable.
• Arctic animals: Svalbard is known for its rich wildlife, including polar bears, reindeer, arctic foxes, walruses and numerous bird species. Polar bears are the kings of the Arctic and can be spotted in the Svalbard Archipelago and observed from a safe distance.
• midnight sun & polar night: Due to its location, Svalbard experiences the Midnight Sun in the summer, where the sun shines 24 hours a day, and the Polar Night in the winter, where it is dark 24 hours a day.
• Spitsbergen: Most of Svalbard consists of the Spitsbergen Island. This is the largest island in the group and a popular destination for naturalists and adventurers. In Longyearbyen is the largest airport in Svalbard. Svalbard is considered the starting point of numerous cruises as well as past and present polar expeditions. The best example is Roald Amundsen, who traveled from Svalbard to the North Pole.
• Glacier: Svalbard is covered by numerous glaciers. Austfonna is the largest ice cap in Europe, covering an area of approximately 8.492 square kilometers.
• Research, Mining and whaling: Svalbard's history is marked by whaling as well as mining activities, particularly coal mining. Scientific research plays an important role in the Svalbard Archipelago, particularly in the areas of climate research and polar studies. In ny-Ålesund There are numerous research stations. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, considered a modern-day Noah's Ark, is located in Longyearbyen. A former research station is located at Kinnvika.
• Tourism: In recent years, tourism in Svalbard has increased as more travelers want to experience the unique Arctic landscape and wildlife. Popular activities include boat trips, glacier hikes and wildlife viewing.
Please note that Svalbard is a unique and challenging destination that requires careful planning due to its extreme conditions and remoteness. It is important to follow local regulations and safety guidelines, especially regarding encounters with wild animals such as polar bears.